"Woda w krajobrazie rolniczym"
red. naukowa: Waldemar Mioduszewski
S u m m a r y
The paper is devoted to the protection and use of water resources in small catchments dominated by agriculture. Presented problems pertain to a new policy of the European Union reflected in the Water Framework Directive. It was assumed here that appropriate water management is a prerequisite for sustainable development of rural areas and that nature and agriculture are the equally important water consumers. The following topics are presented in 13 chapters:
The paper is addressed to both specialists in water management (in hydrotechnics and reclamation) and to biologists dealing with the protection of biologically valuable areas, particularly of wetlands. The authors are convinced that the monograph will help to combine in an appropriate and peaceful manner the interests of agriculture and natural environment.
- general principles of the formation, protection and use of water resources, the characteristics of extreme phenomena like droughts and floods, plant demands for water (chapters 1, 2);
- importance of wetlands for water cycling and their function in natural environment, fundamentals of wetland hydrology with special reference to the effect of peatlands on the hydrologic regime of running waters, the impact of draining systems on the status and natural values of hydrogenic sites, water requirements of wetlands (chapters 3, 4, 5);
- natural values of river valleys and small water bodies, the impact of river valleys on the intensity of flood flows, the effect of small water bodies on water cycling and turnover of chemical compounds in a catchment (chapters 6, 7);
- surface and ground water quality, water quality monitoring in Poland, the characteristics of water pollution in main rivers, streams and reclamation ditches, the role of vegetation (macrophytes, wetlands, buffer zones, small water bodies overgrown by aquatic plants) in water quality control (chapters 8 and 9);
- principles of sustainable management of water resources including prevention from soil droughts, strategies and methods of flood control with particular reference to non-technical methods, exploitation of the reclamation systems in river valleys in a way to prevent nature degradation and to allow meadow and pasture management (chapters 10, 11, 12);
- water management in environmental legislature, the basis of organisation and functioning of water management services, functions of water in legally protected areas, water charges (chapter 13).